What are the different kinds of Law

What are the Different kinds of Law

Law Books and Hammer

  • Criminal Law- 

Criminal law refers to a set of rules that provide guidance on how to punish criminals, and rules that apply to criminal activities. In cases where a person fails to follow rules, he or she commits a criminal offense by breaking the rules. In that criminal penalties include deprivation of rights and imprisonment.

This legal framework is different from civil law, it is concern with the settlement of legal disputes and involve financial damage. There are different opinions about why we have a criminal law system. There is no special or contradictory theory. The main concepts of criminal law include to prevent crime in society.

{types of law in Indian legal system} 

Have you watched the television program Law and Order? In a popular show, the first part deals with crimes committed. This part focuses on the role of detectives involved in trying to solve case. They gather evidence which will prove their guilt to the criminal. The second part of the exhibition is about the legal system and shows how criminal law applies to facts. So, you will see the criminal law apply as you play in court. This program provides excellent insight into the criminal justice system.

  • Civil Law- 

Civil law deals with non-criminal acts. It is a part deals with conflicts between organizations and individuals. The main motto of civil law is to protect ordinary citizen from any type of breach, unfair or inequality. Also to provide equal rights and opportunities to all.

It deals with cases where wrongdoing has been commit against a person. Common civil offenses are negligence and breach of contract, murder, rape, etc.
Unlike the Criminal Law, Civil Law focuses more on providing compensation to victims rather than punishing. There are Civil Courts that take and resolve civil cases with the help of refined lawyers and judges.

{why law is important in our society} 

It is one of the integrated sets of legal frameworks that have their roots in Europe. Public Laws are a set of legal rules. In society, disagreements between individuals and institutions are understandable. Civil laws are thus being develop to create an impartial dispute over arbitration. The Community Laws are very broad. A few of them are well-define and integrate, and the rest based on precedents.

  • Common Law-

It also known as criminal law/ judicial example is made by judges which is build on the decision of the courts. The example set by the high courts is binding on the lower courts. Lower courts may also choose to change the basis, but this is rarely the case. It is a legal system based on recorded judges. An example of a common law marriage is when two people have been living together for 10 years or more. They also have the legal right to share their property as a result.

{History of Common Law} 

It came to India under the attack of the British East India Company. The charter recognize to the company by King George I in 1726. He did so for establishment of “Mayoral Courts” in Madras, Bombay and Calcutta. After the company’s victory in the Battle of Plassey its judicial functions expanded. In 1772 the company’s courts expanded out from three major cities. In this system, the Mughal legal system existing in these sections changed. Being part of the state has been the next major change in India’s legal system.

The Privy Council served as the highest court of appeal in the time of the British Raj. The legislators of the House of Lord judge the cases before the council. The state sued on behalf of the British Emperor in his capacity as Governor of India. The writing of the legal code also began with the formation of the first Legal Commission. Under the direction of Thomas Babington Macaulay, the Indian Penal Code written, developed and came into operation in 1862. Many other principles and codes such as the Proof of Evidence (1872) and the Contracts Act (1872).

  • Statutory Law-

Suppose you are driving on a highway when the speed limit is 55 miles per hour, but you are in hurry therefore you decides to travel 70 miles an hour. The police will pull you over, and you are suppose to give a speed limit. You have broken traffic and traffic laws. This is establish by the legislature as a statutory law. As a result, the rules you broke was statutory rules.

Laws enacted by the U.S. Congress is a federal statutory law. Legislative legislation is introduce in the House of Representatives and the Senate as a bill of public law. The bill will review by a special committee, considered and heard and included in discussions. These activities help to make sure that the law is working and acceptable. After the review, the House and Senate will vote on legislation. If it is approved, then it will introduced to the President, who can either refuse (known as a veto) or approve the law. Thereafter, it will given an official number and title and will published in the legal documents of the United States Code.

Conclusion-

The common law system in which it is build on judicial precedents. This came in India with British east India company. Rules in India has evolved from religious regulation to the current constitutional and legal system. India has a recorded legal history dating back to the Vedic years and a form of civil law system. It is a matter of religious precepts and philosophical discourse has a rich history in India.

The constitution of the land in India varied from state to state and to government. Social court and criminal justice systems were an integral part of the many ruling nations of ancient India.

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