Constitution and it’s different types
To understand the meaning and types of constitution, it is important to know that there are two kinds of constitution. These kinds have two different ways in which the constitution can be understand.
The first nature of the constitution is consider as the expression of the democracy of the country. In other words, the concept of a constitution is to provide facility people.
Second nature is that it can be seen as a legal, social and political contract between government as a organization.
Today, we will discuss those different types of constitution. I urge you to read this to the end if you really want to understand the types of constitution.
Different types of Constitution
There are FIVE different types of Constitution, are as follows:-
- Written and Unwritten Constitution
- Flexible and Rigid Constitution
- Unitary and Federal Constitution
- Presidential and Parliamentary Constitution
- Republic and Monarchical Constitution
Written and Unwritten Constitution
An unwritten constitution is a type of constitution does not contain a single document. This type of constitution is partially written and partially oral. Like common law and customary law, an unwritten constitution grows from many years of practical experience and through human political approach.
The British Constitution is an excellent example of an unwritten constitution. But It is not a single document, but it contain various sources, such as statutes, convection, and judicial decisions.
As it is partially written and not partially not written, the British Constitution is based on a number of practices or convection. That is, constitutional procedures are not legal rules, but is accept by binding the British people.
A written constitution, is a type of constitution which contain a single document and can be easily obtain and negotiate on any subject under discussion. Written constitution is not flexible in nature because of its complex amendment system. Although amendment can be possible when is seems necessary.
Flexible and Rigid Constitution
A flexible constitution is, which can be easily amend or change without a complicate process. This kind of constitution can amend like any other law, by a simple vote of the members of parliament.
A Rigid constitution, is a type of constitution, which takes long processes of amendment. The process of amending a rigid constitution is different from the process of enacting and amending the common laws of the land.
The enactment or amendment of common law is usually made by a simple majority of the votes in the relevant parliament which has the power to make or amend that law.
However, the process of amending a rigid constitution may include a two-thirds majority vote of the members of the federal legislature, as well as a tow-thirds majority vote in two-thirds of the state legislatures in that country.
Unitary and Federal Constitution
A unitary constitution is one of a kind of constitution that provides for the powers of government to focus on a single central government. It does not share power with other organs in the country, but transfers power to provincial, local and other sub-government.
In a unitary constitution, all the powers of government are in center, as it is the only source of authority from which power flows.
A country that uses an unitary government system usually adopts an unconstitutional constitution. The Constitution, though Supreme, is normally flexible and not rigid, as the government has the power to amend it as needed.
The federal constitution, is an free state organization with constitutionally assign powers in federal, state and local councils. Each sphere of government exercises its constitutionally assign powers and functions.
In contrast, the federal constitution provides different structure of government in national, state and local councils. Each division has its constitutional powers and functions.
The powers of different form of government are often describe in the constitutional order of the organization.
Presidential and Parliamentary Constitution
A presidential constitution is, in which all administrative powers are vest by the president of the country. The president may exercise the executive authority by own or through consultation with the vice-president, the minister, or other officers in the public service.
The power of the president is to uphold the constitution. He also implement all the laws enact by the current parliament.
A parliamentary constitution is, in which all the executive power of the state is vest by the Prime Minister. He is the head of government and the head of the majority party, but not the head of state.
Countries where this type of constitution is being practice, the head of state who conducts ceremonial events only. He may be the king, president, chief, the emblem of the state and the Father or mother of the nation.
Republic and Monarchical Constitution
Republican Constitution is a constitution that provides the position of head of the state who is commonly known as President.
To understand the Monarchical Constitution, you must understand that the monarchy is a government govern by a King, Queen, or Emperor.
The monarchical constitution is actually a monarchy where the king succeed to his child or other heir from generations to generation or from one ruling house to another.
There are two types of monarchical constitution, are as follows:-
CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCH :- This is a kind of constitutional Monarchy in which the monarchy is the head of a ceremonial empire and a symbol of a nation. Also he holds limited powers.
ABSOLUTE MONARCH :- In Monarchal constitution, the king have absolute power and is a perfect ruler. He rules by divine sovereignty and his authority is not limited by the constitution.
Also read: what is rule of law in constitution
Concluding on different types of Constitution
So, here I’m going to drop my pen for this article. From what we have discussed above, I strongly believe that you understand what a constitution is and you can explain the types of constitution to anyone.
However, if you have a questions you can ask about this topic, do not hesitate to post it using the comments section. It will be nice to hear from you!