The term “child labour” is often define as the use of a substance that takes childhood from the children. Their abilities and dignity, which ultimately leads to physical and mental development of the children. It refers to work that:-
- is psychologically, physically, socially or ethically harmful to children,
- it interferes with their education by depriving them of it or interfering with their attendance and concentration.
Many children exploit in child labour. They are being separate from their families and expose to great dangers and diseases.
Causes and Consequences of Child Labour
Child labor is a cause and effect of poverty. Domestic poverty pusses children in the labor market, perpetuates poverty for generations, slows down economic growth and social development.
It prevents children from gaining the education and skills that will lead to the creation of decent work opportunities. Inequality, lack of education, shopping, discriminatory practices and tradition and cultural expectations. These are the factors that play a role in the emergence of child labor in India.
There are many ways to prevent child labour. They deserve happy and better childhood. Your small contribution will make a huge difference in their lives.
India have how many child labours
According to Census 2011 data, the number of children working in India is 10.1 million. In which, 5.6 million of them are boys and 4.5 million are girls. The latest figures from around the world indicate that 160 million children. Which contain 63 million girls and 97 million boys. They were being force to work on worldwide. By the year of 2020, accounting for about 1 in 10 children worldwide.
Across India all child laborers can found in the fields of agriculture and in industry. Other services such as bricklaying, carpet weaving, garment making, homework, restaurants, sugarcane farms, fishing and mining. Children are also at risk of being subject to various forms of sexual abuse, including child pornography.
Problem faced by the Child Labour
Because of the long hours of work and hazardous work, the children use to face many problems. The conditions in which children work are unsafe and toxic to their health. Depression, stress, tuberculosis, night blindness, and back pain are just some of the health problems that children often face. The children may have long-term health problems such as malnutrition, chemical exposure, abuse, trauma, fatigue and mental harm. Sometime, children are often sexually abused. You may be wondering How to Stop Child Labor in India? There are many solutions to stop child abuse you just need to take your first step forward.
Also read:- Anticorruption laws in India
International Labour Organization ( Child Labour )
The International Labor Organization (ILO) defines child labour as, “work that deprives children of their childhood, energy, and social dignity, and which poses a serious threat to physical and mental development. It refers to work that is mentally, physically, socially or morally harmful and dangerous to children, or whose work schedule interferes with their ability to attend regular schooling, or work that in any way affects their ability to focus on school or a healthy childhood.”
UNICEF defines child labour differently. The UNICEF says, if child labor involves below the age of 17. UNICEF in one report suggests that, “Child labor needs to be view as a continuous process. It is a harmful or ultimately destructive and rewarding activity. This is to promote or enhance children’s development without disrupting their learning, recreation and leisure. And between the two poles there are many workplaces that do not need to be negatively impacted by child development.”
India’s Office Census 2001 defines child labor as, “the participation of a child under the age of 17 in any productive economic activity without compensation, income or profit. Such sharing can be physical or mental or both. This work includes temporary assistance or unpaid work on a farm, family business or any other economic activity such as farming and producing milk for sale or home consumption. The Indian government divides infants into two groups. The main employees are those who work 6 months or more a year. And the child laborers are those who work part-time and work less than 6 months a year.”
Policies of Government to control Child Labour
The Child Labour Act (Prevention and Law) 1986, prohibits the employment of children under the age of 14 in 16 occupations and 65 procedures that are harmful to the health and well-being of children. Many states including Haryana have raise funds to revitalize the work of children. Social welfare funds at the district level and various labour cells are being set up to address this issue. National child labor projects have been initiate by the central government since 1988 to provide basic education and skills with vocational training. Since 2001, Sarve shiksha Abhiyan has been introduce to educate poor and working children in all provinces. The Department of Women and Children Development provides informal education and vocational training. The establishment of Anganwadies is also a major government initiative in the well-being of children and their physical, mental and educational development.
If awareness of the seriousness of child labour spreads across the country and is enforce by law enforcement agencies. India could fight the Child Labour crisis. Everyone must understand how important it is for children to grow up and learn as they are the ones who will shape the future of the nation.
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